Jallianwala Bagh – Revisiting A Sad Chapter in Indian History

Indian history is rich. There are many chapters filled with stories. Unfortunately, some chapters are sad. I visited Jallianwala Bagh and peeked in one of the saddest chapter in British dominated India. The sheer imagination of what must have occurred on the fatal day, gave us trembles.

Jallianwala bagh entrance

The walls of this garden have seen something terrible to remember. The bullet marks are still prominent and they stare at you as the victims stared at the guns pointed at them by General Dyer. The bullet marks are marked in white as visible in the image.

Bullet marks in Jallianwala Bagh walls marked in white
Information about the Jallianwala Bagh Wall bearing bullet marks

The sad day was 13th April 1919. When the non-violent protesters woke up in the morning, many didn’t know that it was going to be the last time they wake up. The british soldiers, under command of general dyer, opened fire at the calm group discussing their concerns. As the soldiers had covered the only exit in the garden, the protesters had no other way to escape. Many jumped in the garden well along with their families. For detailed report on the event, you can read the wikipedia page.

When we entered the garden, it looked like any other city garden. However, we started imagining how things must have unfolded on the fatal day when we witnessed a structure, representing the spot from where british soldiers opened fire. Here, I am sitting near the structure, reading about the Jallianwala Bagh history.

We also saw the well where people jumped in to escape british bullets. Now, we were actually able to visualize the turn of events on 13th April, 1919. As the events must have unfolded, the cries of terror must have echoed in the air. It was certainly an emotional moment for us to manifest the scenes.

Bullets were fired from here in Jallianwala bagh
Jallianwala Bagh Garden
Tribute to the victims of Jallianwala Bagh
A brief account of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Every evening, an audio show along with lightning effects is organized. The show is narrated by Amitabh Bachchan. It describes the events of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and the mass reactions after the brutal attack. The audio show also narrates the story of Udham Singh and his vengeance. Udham singh massacred Michael O’Dwyre, who was the Punjab Governor during Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It was under his leadership General Dyer executed the tyrant plan of shooting peaceful protesters in Jallianwala bagh. Udham Singh was immediately arrested after he killed O’Dwyre and was sentenced to death.

Udham Singh is considered to be a prominent figure in Indian independence because of his sacrifice. There is a district named after him as “Udham Singh Nagar” in Punjab.

Jallianwala Bagh stands as a memorial for the massacred. It is situated very close the Golden Temple in Amritsar. A quick visit here would be recommendable. As you get acquainted with a historic but brutal chapter of Indian history, you will surely feel compassionate for those who suffered their ill fate at the hands of tyrant britishers.

Umang Trivedi
Last Updated : May 13,2020
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