Ram Temple at Tulsibaug, Pune: A guide to city's Peshwa history

Built during the zenith of Peshwa rule in Pune, the Ram temple at Tulsibaug is one of the few places which have survived in an almost intact form even after years of neglect. Though the neighbourhood has change dramatically, Tulsibaug wada, where the temple is located, has remained the same and a visit to this temple literally takes you back in time. Located right in the middle of one of the noisiest parts of old city, the ambience around the temple is extremely calm and soothing. By the way, this is also my favourite temple in the city and the one I can visit over and over again and never get bored of it :)

Ram Temple at Tulsibaug, Pune
An old lady praying at the temple
Wooden Sabhamandap

History of Ram Temple

The history of the temple is closely linked to the rule of Peshwas in the region, especially Pune. The Maratha kingdom was a powerful kingdom, especially under Shivaji the much respected and feared Maratha king from the 17th century. While Marathas were in power, their Prime Ministers were known as Peshwa, something similar to how the Nawabs of Lucknow were connected to the the Mughal rulers of Delhi.

However, after Shivaji's death the kingdom lost some of it's sheen especially after his son was killed by Mughal king Aurangzeb. However, soon after Aurangzeb also died at Aurangabad (not too far from Pune) and with him also started the decline of the Mughal empire. The local population rose again, this time with the much stronger Peshwas who were based of out Pune. The Maratha kings became more of a figure head while it was the Peshwas who ruled the kingdom and took it to great heights. The Maratha Kingdom finally came to an end in 1818 and the British took over as the rulers of the region.

However, it was during the zenith of Peshwa rule/ Maratha rule that the Ram temple was built at Tulsibaug. This was an era when some of the biggest palaces were also built in the region, like the Shaniwarwada. The temple was built by Jivajipant Khasgiwale when Balaji Baji Rao was the ruling Peshwa, however it was only in 1761 that the temple was finally completed when Madhav-Rao I ruled.

The prominent 150m tall shikhar (the inverted conical structure with stucco work) was added much later in the 19th century, but the wooden temple has otherwise remained unchanged over the years. Surrounded by shops, the Tulsibaug wada is a busy space, but there is a strange kind of calm which still exists here. Unless it's a special day, the temple is devoid of people on most days, especially early in the morning and afternoons when many shops shut shop for a few hours for rest.

150m tall shikhar
Another view of the temple
Some art on the walls around the temple...
Another smaller temple in the courtyard

As is obvious from the name the temple is dedicated to Lord Rama and has the garbhagriha has idols of Ram and Sita. The other obvious part is the presence of tulsi (basil) which was present here in abundance and gave the area it's name. Tulsi is an important offering to Lord Rama and hence it's presence around the temple was essential. Now there are a few tulsi plants in pots around the temple, but no tulsi gardens.

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