Kerala is more than just beaches, backwaters & hill stations. This land of coconuts is also known for many destinations of historical significance. Here are some of the important places in Kerala you should visit at least once.
1. Ambalavayal Museum:
The archaeological museum present in Wayanad which houses the collection of the remnants of 2 AD century in Kerala is the Ambalavayal museum. This is the largest collection of remnants in Kerala. The collections here stand as a proof of existence of a developed civilization in the hills of Wayanad. The museum does not only allure the archaeologists, and the historians, but it is an amazing place to explore for common men too. Bows, arrows, and other weapons that were used to hunt, the sculptures of clay and other curios are present here. You can get here from the Sultan Bathery, which is 10 KM away. The nearest railway station is Kozhikode, and there are frequent bus services too.
2. Bekal Fort:
In a country like India, where invasions and wars were often witnessed, forts are a part of the country. Bekal fort is the largest fort, and the most preserved in Kerala. The Archaeological department takes care of the fort even since the British era. This 350 years old fort is now a place of tourist interest and spreads over 16 hectares and has a semicircular construction. This was built by Sivappa Naik in between 1645 to 1660. The fort later fell into the hands of Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. The fort has a large tower in the middle, from where the entire fort can be seen. Even the enemy vassals in the sea can be seen from here. Though the waves hit the fort, no damage is done. Also, the fort is now celebrated for the view one gets of the shimmering sea and the glittering sun.
3. Indo Portuguese Museum:
The region of Kerala was influenced in art and architecture by the Dutch, and the Indo Portuguese museum stands evidence to this. The Bishop of Kochi, Dr. Joseph Kureethra was the one who made this museum a possibility. Divided into 5 main sections to show the 5 main categories, Altar, treasure, Procession, Cathedral and Civil life are the categories. The collections are unique and few examples are a teak wood altar made in the 16th century, a 19th century chasuble from the Bishop’s house, coat of arms from the Franciscans and the Processional cross, which is of Indo Portuguese Monstrance, and a lot more are present here. This museum also reveals the expertise of India in ship building, and the result of capturing Java, Sumatra and Bali.
4 Dutch Palace:
This was built in 1555 by the Portuguese to be presented to the Raja of Cochin. This was renovated by the Dutch and hence the name. The palace has a temple that is dedicated to the goddess Pazhayannur Bhagavathi. The palace is also known for the murals, which are the traditions of the temple history of the Hindus.
5. Jewish Synagogue:
Located at Mattancherry, this is one of the best and it is the oldest of the common wealth synagogues. This was built in 1568, and built on a clock tower and the hand painted willow pattern of the 18th century is used to pave the floor of this synagogue. The 4th century copper plates, and the stone slabs with the Hebrew inscriptions are found here. The décor of the synagogue is done with the crystal chandeliers, and carved with white and blue ceramic tiles.