Kerala is the home for different terrains, and if you love tranquility and serene environment visit the wildlife sanctuaries of Kerala. Here is the list of top 7 wildlife sanctuaries of Kerala.
1. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Spread over the area of 675 KM, this sanctuary is also known as the Thekkady wildlife sanctuary. This is one of the popular tourist spots of Kerala. You can see all the rare and endangered species of Kerala, and it gets its name from the Periyar river which is close to the sanctuary. This reservoir homes 1800 plants, grass species of 171 types, orchid species by 143, mammals of 35 species, and birds of 265 species. You can watch the flying squirrel and the Malabar giant squirrel, and lion tailed macaques while you are into boating, or on the elephant ride here. You can visit the sanctuary between November to April.
2. Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary:
This wildlife sanctuary is known for the breathtaking flora and fauna. Located in the Palakkad district and this is the best place to see the natural habitat of the wildlife of Kerala. This is a place which is getting considered to become a part of the World Heritage Center, which is maintained by UNESCO. You can get to see the mammals of 39 species, 124 types of butterflies, birds of 268 varieties, 61 varieties of reptiles, and lion tailed macaques, cobras, storks, and rollers here. You can get permits for trekking, or enjoy wildlife from the watchtowers. Visit this place between the months of November to April.
3. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary:
This gorgeous wildlife sanctuary is located 40 Km from Thodupuzha, and spread across the 77 KM. This sanctuary offers the nest for a wide range of wildlife animals, like wild dogs, tigers, jungle cats in the canopy evergreen forest. You can trek in the forest, but you need permission acquire in advance. You can also go for a boat ride. The best time to visit is December to April.
4. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Located in the Idukki district, this sanctuary is spread over an area of 90 Sq KM. You can get to see the peculiar and unique vegetation here because it gets rainfall for only 48 days here. This wildlife sanctuary is located on the sides of Marayoor and Udumalpet road, and you can see popular waterfalls here, and the sandalwood forests. The best time to visit is December to April.
5. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary:
This sanctuary is an extension of the Bandipur National park, and contains the deciduous forests, and you can find lots of animals here like the tigers, civets, bison, bears, wild cats and the elephants. The elephant ride is a major attraction in this sanctuary. This is located on the plateau of Wayanad and spread over 344 sq KM. The climate here is decent and you can also find the local tribe settlements here. A few of the tribes are Adiyars, Kurumas, Ooralis and the Kattunaikans. Visit this place between June to October.
6. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary:
50 KM far from the Kerala’s capital city of Thiruvananthapuram, this sanctuary is spread over 53 sq km, and is located in the catchment area of the Peppara dam. You can see the eucalyptus plantations, Karamana river, and the streams that are crystal clear. You can get the sight of elephants, mouse deer, wild cats, tigers and panthers. The best time to explore is October to March.
7. Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary:
For the bird watchers this is heaven. The mangroves and the breeding birds make this place unique. The black crowned Heron and the little commonrat are found here. Visit this sanctuary between May and July.