Junagarh Fort, Bikaner

Price Range

30 - 350.00

Reviews

4.5

Overview

Junagarh Fort is located in Bikaner, Rajasthan. The fort was initially known as Chintamani. In the early 20the century, the royal family shifted to Lalgarh Palace, and it was rechristened as Junagarh or "Old Fort." 

The city of Bikaner flourished around the magnificent structure of the Junagarh Fort. It is in the ancient fortified town with mosques, temples, Buddhist monuments, beautiful mansions, and Gothic archways.

The fort draws thousands of tourists from every corner of the world. The unique monuments in the fort represent 16 generations of rulers in Bikaner beginning the late 16th century. Balconies, kiosks, gardens in the fort feature a composite architectural style.

The cultural differences between rulers and foreign inspirations have shaped this architectural style. The splendid Junagarh Fort stands with all its glory as a paragon of architectural brilliance.

British government gifted Maharaja Ganga Singh the DH9 De Haviland warplane, to appreciate the First World War's Bikaner Forces' contribution. You can see this plane in the fort.

This most decorated fort in India has lower towers and ramparts. Unlike other forts, it has not been perched on a high rock. It was built for luxury and not for defense. It gives you a glimpse of the times and lives of the Maharajas of Bikaner state.

 

Structures

The building, kiosks, and beautifully designed palaces are the main attractions in the Junagarh Fort.

Gates: Of 7 gates, two main gates are there – the Suraj pole and the Karan Pole. The Karan pole is the former main gate of entry, and the Suraj pole is the current min gate. Daulat pol, Chand pol, and Fateh pol are other gates.

Temples: Har Narayan temple and Ratan Behari temple are the temples in the fort. Har Narayan temple, the fort's royal temple, is dedicated to Lakshmi Narayan and his wife, Lakshmi. Ratan Behari temple is the Hindu God Krishna temple. 

Palaces: 

  • Karan Singh built the Karan Mahal in 1680 after his victory over Aurangzeb.
    Raja Rai Singh constructed the Phool Mahal, which is the oldest palace in the fort.
    Anup Mahal is a multi-storeyed building with sophisticated designs. It served as the administrative headquarters of the kingdom.
  • The most aesthetically pleasing and luxurious palace in the fort is Chandra Mahal.
    Raja Ganga Singh built the Ganga Mahal in the 20th It is home to a museum.
  • Badal Mahal displays many brilliant paintings, and it is an extension of Anup Mahal.
  • Bikaneri Havelis are there both outside and inside the fort.

Prachina Museum: Maharaja Dr. Karni Singhji established the museum in 1961. Jewels, paintings, and other commemorations portray the royal life of the fort. It exhibits war drums, palanquins, howdahs, enamelware, silver, royal costumes, farmans (royal orders), Persian, and Sanskrit manuscripts.

 

Architecture

The architectural excellence is enough to mesmerize the tourists. Its architecture is a blend of various cultures. The alliance of the Gujarati association with the Mughals influenced the earliest Rajput style. Later, it showed a semi-western influence. Lastly, it reflected the revivalist Rajput structures during the period of Maharaja Ganga Singh.

The layout of the Junagarh Fort is rectangular, with a length of about 1078 yards with an area of 63119 square yards. Junagarh Fort features stone carvings in gold and red sandstone.

Interior decoration conforms to the ancient Rajasthani style. The lavish structures reflected the regal lifestyle centuries ago. The Junagarh Fort is quoted as "a paradox between beautiful interior decoration and medieval military architecture."

 

History

Rao Bika laid the foundation of the Junagarh fort in 1478. He built it as a stone fort. Bikaner was founded in 1472, and it grew up around the mighty fort. Enemies tried to conquer and pillage it. Kamran Mirza, the son of Babur, annexed the fort only for one day in 1534 when Rao Jait Singh was the ruler.

Bikaner experienced its heyday during the reign of its sixth ruler Raja Rai Singh between 1571 and 1611. He accepted the Mughal subjugation and held a commanding position during the times of Jehangir and Akbar.

He earned admiration and jagirs for winning various battles. Raja Rai Singh began construction of the Junagarh fort after achieving an influential role under the Mughal rule. He held the foundation ceremony on February 17, 1589. On January 17, 1594, this impressive fortress was completed.

 

Timings

  • Sunday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm
  • Monday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm
  • Tuesday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm
  • Wednesday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm
  • Thursday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm
  • Friday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm
  • Saturday : 10:00 am to 04:30 pm

Timings are subject to change. You will be automatically booked into a time slot as part of the check out process. Please visit the official website to confirm the time slot before your visit.

 

How to Reach

  • Air : Jodhpur is the nearest airport to Bikaner at 235 kilometers. You can board a taxi or bus to reach Bikaner.
  • Train : Bikaner railway station is connected to all major cities in India. The Palace on Wheels also covers Bikaner in its eight-day tour.
  • Road : Regular private and government buses operate from all major cities of India.

 

Ticket Pricing

  • Indian : 50 INR
  • Foreigner : 300 INR...
  • Indian (Student Concession) : 30 INR...
  • Foreigner (Student Concession) : 150 INR...
  • Audio Tour : 350 INR...
  • Audio Tour (Student Concession) : 200 INR...
  • Phool Mahal and Chander Mahal : 100 INR...

Things to Do

  • Drape Rajasthani clothes at a nominal charge and pose around museums to click photographs.
  • Appreciate zari work on the royal clothes.
  • Rajasthani kings used to travel in Silver carriages and carts; it is a sight to behold.
  • Adulate the armory section, which has the most exhaustive collection of weapons from the medieval era.
  • Witness paintings and arts in the museum.

Address

Junagarh fort, Bikaner Fort, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Rating & Reviews

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Sunita Daga
Sunita Daga
09/13/2020 02:21
Never felt grown. Still remembering those childhood days
Nikhil Sharma
Nikhil Sharma
09/09/2020 12:42
This fort is a Rajasthan heritage site in the holy city of bikaner and it comes under UNESCO'S world heritage site. It's Architecture is marvellously amazing. And it's interior is mind blowing it's a most visite on your next bikaner trip. Enjoy!!!
vivek rajotia
vivek rajotia
09/06/2020 16:14
The Junagarh Fort of Bikaner is a magnificent structure around which the city of Bikaner grew up. The fort was initially called Chintamani and was then renamed as the Junagarh or Old fort in the 20th century. The foundations of the Junagarh fort was built in 1478 by Rao Bika. However, it existed just as a stone fort then. The present grand structure was inaugurated on 17th February 1589. Besides having a rich history, the Junagarh Fort is a feat of architecture. The palaces inside the fort, the gardens, balconies, kiosks, etc. depict a composite architectural style which is influenced by the cultural differences of the different rulers and also foreign inspirations. The impressive Junagarh Fort stands with all its regal glory as an epitome of architectural brilliance. The dazzling and exquisite structures of this fort attract thousands of tourists from all over every year. The unique monuments which are on display in the fort represent 16 generations of rulers in Bikaner starting from the late 16th century. Junagadh is an ancient fortified city with a chequered past and has an eclectic mix of mosques, Hindu temples, Buddhist monuments, Gothic archways, and beautiful mansions.
gaju dhaliya
gaju dhaliya
09/18/2020 07:27
Junagadh fort is very good. One thing I noticed that many rooms are not open for public. Guide performed an average. Cleaning is good inside the fort and surrounding. All people are helpful.
Sunil Gore
Sunil Gore
05/10/2020 12:04
This fort is well maintained and clean. A lot of tourists and visitors flocked here every day. Maintaining the sanity of this place is a real challenge. But, I think the fort Maintenance committee is doing their job really well. The fort museum is also properly maintained and presented well enough to create an interest in Indian history and cultural heritage. This fort is comparatively big and even the museum. So if you are planning to visit both of these places then you must start early in the morning.

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FAQs

Raja Rai Singh built Junagarh Fort in 1594. Junagarh Fort is a historical marvel during the 16th century for the Rajasthan kings.
Junagarh Fort lies in the arid area of the Thar desert of Rajasthan, which borders a range of mountains in western India and the Aravali range on the northwest. Bikaner city is one of the three desert triangle cities of Jaisalmer and Jodhpur. ...
Jangladesh was Bikaner's old name, and its region included Bikaner, Hanumangarh, Ganganagar, and Churu. It has Marwar and Jaisalmer on the south and the Ajmer-Marwara region on the east. ...
The following hotels are close to Junagarh Fort: (0.17 km) Hotel Khatri (0.31 km) Hotel Bhairon Vilas (0.51 km) Hotel Jaswant Bhawan (0.36 km) Hotel Babu Palace (0.37 km) OYO 4604 Shiva's Regency ...
The following restaurants are close to Junagarh Fort: (0.00 km) Masala Chowk Food Court (0.11 km) Umed Misthan Bhandar (0.17 km) Jatin Khatri (0.24 km) Gallops Restaurant and Coffee House (0.33 km) Garden Cafe & Restaurant ...
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