Places To Visit In Jaipur

The city of palaces and with deep roots in history, a tour through the busy streets of Jaipur will take you deep into the depths of what is dubbed as the Pink City, where old and new buildings stand and exist side by side in harmony.

Jaipur is the state capital of the Indian territory of Rajasthan and has a number of tourist spots amidst the active yet peaceful life of Jaipur. Notable places to visit in Jaipur include the Hawa Mahal, where the windows are so well-aligned there is constant natural ventilation, the Jal Mahal, a beautiful palace standing amidst a serene lake and the Jantar Mantar which is one of the oldest time-keeping structures of the world. Other tourist attractions in Jaipur include Amer Fort and City Palace.

If you wish to indulge in the local handicrafts and artwork and buy souvenirs and other chic items, then a visit to Bapu Bazar is surely a must. Central Park in Jaipur is another hotspot for tourists in Jaipur.

A visit to Jaipur takes you into the depths of the state’s glorious culture and traditions surrounding its palaces, while letting you also experience a busy city life at its malls, streets and parks. A trip to Jaipur is definitely worth one looking forward to.

4.6 Rating

Amber Palace features among the most visited forts and top attractions in Rajasthan. The fort is perched on the high hills. Meenas built this fort using redstone and marble in 1592 from the ancient ruins of the 11th century.

The fort was the dwelling place of the royal family of Raja Man Singh. He carved 12 beautifully decorated rooms for his queens. The king had 12 wives, and a staircase connected each room to the king's chamber.

UNESCO inscribed this fort among the world heritage sites as part of six hill forts in Rajasthan.

 

History

Amer was a small town before the Kachwahas’s rule, and a small tribe Meenas inhabited it. The Amer fort was named after Ambikeshwar(another name of Lord Shiva). The locals differ and opine that the name has been derived from Amba, another name of Goddess Durga.

It was named Dundar during the Kachhawahas rule from the 11th century to the 16th century till the center of power was shifted to Jaipur. 

Raja Man Singh built the fort in 1592 AD. His successors carried on the renovation and expansion efforts for the next 150 years. Kadimi Mahal is considered to be the oldest palace in the country. King Man Singh also commissioned a small temple of his patron Goddess Sheela Mata. The Amber fort held out against all attacks with great valor. Over time, old structures gave way to the new structures.

Princely state Jaipur had its capital in Amer, and the fort was the abode of its Rajput rulers. Maharaja Man Singh I led Mughal Emperor Akbar's army. He began construction in 1592 on the remnants of an 11th-century fort. All the successive Rajput kings added value to the Amber Fort until the capital was shifted to Jaipur in 1727.

 

Architecture

Its architecture is a perfect blend of traditional Rajputana and Mughal styles. Red sandstone and marble give it an aesthetically mysterious look. Portraits of majestic Rajput rulers and paintings of old hunting styles give you the glimpses of Rajputana.

Amer Fort has four sections characterized by a separate courtyard and entrance. Suraj Pol or Sun Gate is the main entrance to the fort, leading you to the main courtyard. This gate faces east where the sun rises. Thus, it has derived this name. 

Step to the right on the imposing stairways to reach Siladevi Temple. The same stairways lead you to an impressive courtyard Jaleb Chowk. Back then, women would watch proceedings through the windows, and the army used to flaunt war booty at Jaleb Chowk.

Diwan-e-Aam is the Public Audience Hall on the second level of the Amer Fort. This grand hall opens on three sides. Two columns of pillars with mounted elephants support the hall, which portrays extensive mosaic glassworks.

The royal quarters are around the third courtyard of the Amer Fort. Ganesh Pol is the entry point to get this far. Sheesh Mahal stands as the most impressive attraction in the entire fort complex. Glass paintings and intricate carvings of flowers adorn the ceilings and walls.

If you light two candles inside the Sheesh Mahal hall, thousand glittering stars on the ceilings will give you a pleasant illusion. Sukh Mahal hall is in front of the Sheesh Mahal. It was built using ivory and sandalwood. Its numerous channels run cold water.

Magic flower is a fresco carved out of marble, and Lord Ganesha's carving out of a single piece of coral are other highlights of the complex. Man Singh, I used the main palace in the south of this courtyard. It is the oldest part of the complex. The main palace exits directly to the Amer town.

Royal women used to occupy the final level of the Amer Fort. Here, several rooms surrounded the courtyard. Back in time, Jas Mandir was a hall meant for private audiences. 

Guide

You can avail of the services of a guide in Hindi and English in exchange for a fee.

4.6 Rating

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II built City Palace within a walled city. King Jai Singh founded the city of Jaipur. Palace represents a fusion of Mughal and Rajput architecture and exudes the royalty and elegance of Jaipur's pink city.

You can capture spectacular views of courtyards, palaces, gardens, and forts at this big palace in the middle of the city. It seems to be an exact embodiment of authentic culture and the glorious past of Jaipur.

The royal family still lives in the palace's private section, which is not open to visitors. Renowned architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya and Shilpa Shastra made the walls of the city.

Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum in Mubarak Mahal portrays an exclusive collection of Benaras silk sarees, royal costumes, Pashmina(Kashmiri) shawls, and other attires with folk embroidery and Sanganeri prints.

 

History

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh I built City Palace in 1729-1732. Due to population increase and scarcity of water, Maharaja Jai Singh decided to relocate to Amber. He summoned Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, a famous Bengali Architect, to craft the palace in compliance with Vaastu Shastra.

 

Architecture

City Palace reflects a combination of European, Mughal, and Shilpa Shastra of Indian style. It has been designed in 'Grid Style.' Udai Pol, Jaleb Chowk, Virendra Pol, and Tripolia Gate are the four entrance gates to get in and exit. 

The palace includes patios, balconies, gardens, palaces, and temples. Jali work, inlaid ornamentations, carved marbles, and latticework decorate the palace. Distinct murals and mirrors deck up the palace. The taste of authentic Mughal style inspires this.

Attractions in the City Palace

Here is a round-up of the prominent structures of the City Palace of Jaipur:

Entry Gates

Three grand entry gates greet everyone. Visitors can access Udai Pol and Virendra Pol, whereas Tripolia Gate is confined to the royal family members.

Mubarak Mahal

It was a reception center in the palace. It is now being transformed into a museum that showcases attires worn by queens and kings of the state.

Chandra Mahal

The seven-story Chandra Mahal encompasses museums, Sukh Niwas, Ranga Mandir, Shri Niwas, and Mukut Mahal. It preserves many articles and artifacts like ornamental clothes, embroidered shawls, Sanganeri block prints, silk saris, Kashmiri pashminas, and formal royal costumes. 

The complex features floral adornments, exclusive paintings, and works of the mirror. Walls, ceilings, and pillars of Rang Mandir have mirrors embedded in them. White lining bedecks Sukh Nivas, which is painted in blue. Shobha Nivas features embroidery with gold leaf, mirror walls, blue tiles, and mica.

Maharani Palace

Gems and semi-precious stones adorn the royal palace, which served as the residence of the queens. You will find the weapon collections and ceremonial items in the armory of Maharani Palace.

The ceiling consists of beautiful precious stones. Diwan-i-Khas(Hall of Private Audience), Diwan-i-Am(Hall of Public Audience), and Baggi Khana are other attractions to visit. Beautiful motifs decorate the inner courtyard of Pritam Niwas Chowk.

Baggi Khana:

This legendary museum has a magnificent collection of European cabs, carriages, and Palanquins. Prince of Wales gifted an ancient Victorian Baggi in 1876. It came along with a Mahadol made using simple bamboo to carry Hindu Gods and priests during festivals.

GovindDev Ji Temple:

This 18th-century temple is dedicated to Krishna. European chandeliers and Indian art paintings adorn it. The ceilings are made using gold.

Diwan-I-Khas:

This private hall for the Maharajas is full of marble. It also has the crystal chandeliers. Two silver vessels have been recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest silver vessels. These vessels can contain 4000 liters, and 14000 silver coins have gone into making them without soldering. 

Madho Singh II went to England in 1900, and he was reluctant to drink water there, so he carried Ganga Jal in these vessels.

Diwan-I-Aam:

Sabha Niwas or the public hall has a golden throne, Takth-e-Rawal carrying palanquin bearers, and marble rock elephants. This art gallery displays shawls, carpets, ancient texts, embroidered rugs, and miniature Rajasthani, Mughal, and Persian paintings.

Guides

Licensed guides are available in different languages apart from audio guides.

Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory with a set of 20 main fixed instruments. It is one of the four most preserved and historic observatories in India. The word “Jantar Mantar” stands for “Vedhshala” or instruments for measuring the harmony of the heavens.

The Jantar Mantar was ahead of its time and showcased the old ways of observing celestial bodies and time.

Masonry of instruments have specific characteristics, and these instruments were designed to observe astronomical positions with the naked eyes. Several instrumental and architectural innovations were involved in the observatory evolution as a rare and timeless attraction in Jaipur.

The court of a scholarly prince had fostered astronomical skills and cosmological concepts at the end of the Mughal period. This open-air astronomical observatory is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Even today, the observatory pulls scientific fraternity from every corner of the globe to study celestial objects. This development also inspired other widespread scientific deductions like cosmology in the 18th century.

It has earned immense popularity over the years in educating people with the fascinations of space and time. Massive structures and fixed stones were aggregated for specific usage. All the 19 large instruments have distinct purposes.

Vrihat Samrat Yantra

Samrat Yantra is the most outstanding instrument, which is the largest sundial in the country. It calculates time up to the precision of two seconds.

Laghu Samrat Yantra

This small Samrat Yantra measures time up to the accuracy of twenty seconds.

Ram Yantra

Ram Yantra measures the azimuth and elevation of planets and Sun with a pair of tube-shaped structures.

Jaya Prakash Yantra

This yantra detects the elevation, azimuth, hour angles, and exact position of celestial bodies using the inverted image in the sky and the movement of the inverted shadows on the slabs. It comprises two hemispherical bowls like graded marble slabs and sundials. 

Chakra Yantra

It is a ring instrument to measure the hour angle and the coordinates of the Sun.

Digamsa
Digamsa predicts the sunrise and sunset timings in a day.

Nadivalaya

Nadivalaya represents two hemispheres of the Earth.

Kranti Vritta

It is used to measure the solar sign of the Sun in the daytime.

 

History

With an illuminating history that predates modern civilization, this observatory was far ahead of its time. It showcased the ancient ways of reading stars and skies.

Its scintillating history predates modern civilization. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II built the observatory in the early 18th century. Maharaja’s fascination with celestial bodies and their movement in the sky was the driving force for founding this wonderful observatory.

The monument was completed in 1734. With the instruments, you can view celestial objects with the naked eyes. Ptolemaic positional astronomy is at the base with shared similarities for civilizations.

 

Architecture

The magnificence of Jantar Mantar came alive through the hands of the artisans. The observatory came to fruition after the king applied the finesse and knowledge of 23 astronomers of Jaipur. Today, after a lot of obstacles, it stands out as an architectural masterpiece of the country.

The Jantar Mantar is a colossal structure spread over 18000 square meters, and instruments carry an astronomical scale and involve detailed planning. The monument was made using marble and stone.

Mortar, bronze tablets, and tablets were used to construct the structure and make it sturdy.

The Archaeological Sites and Monuments, Rajasthan has been maintaining the Jantar Mantar in Jaipur since 1961.

4.2 Rating

Jal Mahal is a stunning historical palace in the middle of Man Sagar Lake. Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber remodeled this whole Mahal in the 18th century. Only one story appears above the lake's water level, and four stories are submerged in the lake.

Jal Mahal is in the center of the Man Sagar Lake on the Amer – Jaipur main road. This masterful creation borders the Nahargarh Hills. Jal Mahal has turned into a real tourist delight with its laid-back ambiance and mesmerizing view.

Tourists cannot enter the precincts of the fort. However, boating in a lake is your chance to admire its beauty. In the evening, the fort glimmers in the light and cast reflection in the lake. It is a fascinating sight for onlookers.

The palace stands out as one of India's most photographed monuments because it is gifted with a picturesque view of surrounding lake waters and the Nahargarh mountain ridge.

 

History

It is a moot point among historians as to who constructed the palace. Most historians opine that Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built Jal Mahal in 1799 because he needed a hunting lodge for duck shooting trips.

The kings organized royal birds and duck hunting parties of yore because the lake abounds in local and migratory birds. Maharajah Sawai Madho Singh hobnobbed with foreign dignitaries of the British Raj and other elite class at this pleasure palace. 

Some historians deduce that Maharaja Madho Singh I constructed Jal Mahal in 1750, and he had no intent to use it as a royal palace. 

Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber renovated and added some structures to enhance its appearance. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built the Man Sagar Lake. Talented artisans constructed these structures.

 

Architecture

This low rise symmetrical palace is a fusion of the Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture. It has four floors beneath the water surface, and only the fifth floor is above the surface.

Red sandstone was the primary building material, and the palace houses four octagon-shaped chhatris at the corners. Maharaja Jai Singh II remodeled it in the 18th century and developed twenty-one intricately carved pillars as the royal family's cenotaphs.

Chameli Bagh, a garden on the roof, staged dance performances and recitals on the center's platform. The old garden fell into disrepair; it was renovated again.

The Rajasthan Government used organic construction materials such as herbs, sand, and lime to renovate the Jal Mahal.

Traditional Rajasthani Blue Pottery is the highlight of the central dome Chini Burj. Shoba Burj portrays impressive Rajasthani jewels and designs. Paintings and artistry of Lord Krishna are visible in the hallway of Raas Niwas Tibari.

The Gulab Tibari hall features rose pink creations, and its name synchronizes with the title of Jaipur 'Pink City'. Four halls depict real Rajput art and designs. You will witness intricate patterns of blue and gold décor in the Anand Mahal Tibari.

You will see patterns and paintings of heavy clouds in the skies across the hallway of the Badal Mahal.

4.5 Rating

Jaigarh Fort is a majestic citadel perched on the top of the ‘Cheel ka Teela’ of the Aravali hills ridge in Jaipur's Pink City. The Amer Fort and Maota Lake are visible from the fort due to high altitude.

It is aptly named the 'Fort of Victory' because it was never conquered. This bastion is high on the list of tourist destinations in Jaipur. Massive battlements and verdant greenery encircle the palatial structure on the top of the precipice.

A vast treasure is also believed to be buried under the fort during royal times. The Government of Rajasthan has seized the treasure in the 1970s. Subterranean passages connect Amer Fort to Jaigarh Fort.

This fort served as a storehouse of weapons. The citadel houses the Jaivana Cannon, which was the most massive cannon on the wheel in the 18th century. The fort affords a magnificent view of Jaipur city to the tourists.

 

History

The Kachawahas ruled Jaigarh, including the Amer fort from the early 10th century. Jaigarh fort was constructed in the early 18th century, and Sawai Jai Singh II commissioned this magnificent fortification in 1726 to safeguard Amber Fort. It is named after king Sawai Jai Singh II, who built it.

Jaigarh Fort was the leading cannon foundry during the Mughal dynasty. It developed into a center of artillery production for the Rajputs and hoarded metal and weapons for war. Jaivana was the world's largest cannon on wheels of the Early Modern Era in 1720.

The cannon outpost was protected during the successive wars in the Mughal dynasty. In 1658, Aurangzeb defeated the protector Dara Shikoh and executed his brother. The fort is a manifestation of the city’s prosperous past.

Apart from the Aurangzeb ambush, it was never conquered in a battle. Dara Shikoh was the overseer of the cannon outpost in the fort.

 

Architecture

Talented architect Vidhyadhar conceptualized and designed the Jaigarh Fort. It is the strongest among the three forts and has always held out against significant resistance. 

Its elaborate architecture has remarkable and imposing structures spread across a wide range. Thick walls of red sandstone protect the fort, which is home to the most exquisite designs.

The main attractions are the world's most incredible cannon on wheels 'Jaivana Cannon' and the palace complex. Museum, armory and a well-tended garden are other attractions.

The red sandstone walls span over a length of 3 kilometers and a width of 1 kilometer, and these ramparts make the fort invincible. Embankments give access to the upper levels of the structure.  

Central watch tower faces the entire surrounding landscape. Screened windows adorn the courtrooms, and halls and windows are made using lattices. You can view the exteriors, but it is impossible to observe anything from the outside.

The Awani Darwaza is a magnificent triple-arched entrance to the Aram Mandir, and you can view the Sagar Lake from Aram Mandir. Jaigarh fort shares striking architectural similarities with the Amer Fort.

Best Time to Visit

The Winter months (November to February) are the best time to visit Jaigarh Fort. During monsoon, its landscape turns verdant and provides a great respite from the scorching heat.

Guide

You will get a guide in Hindi and English for 100 INR and 150 INR, respectively.

4.4 Rating

Hawa Mahal or the 'Palace of the Winds' is one of Jaipur's most iconic monuments, dating back to 200 years. This massive edifice stands at the intersection of the main road in Jaipur, Badi Chaupad.

It is a five-story building in the shape of a crown of Lord Krishna with 953 jharokhas or windows. Hawa Mahal means the 'palace of the winds.' 

The cool breeze is another feature due to a mesh of small windows that allow wind to enter the palace, making the whole mahal as air cooler even in summers. Due to this fact, it is aptly named the "Palace of Winds" or Hawa Mahal.

Its pyramidal structure is made using red and pink sandstone. 953 Jharokhas or tiny windows adorn the palace. On entering the main palace, a charming fountain welcomes you. The edifice's top offers a panoramic view of the Siredeori Bazar, Jantar Mantar, and City Palace.

Make time to visit this prominent landmark during your Jaipur trip. Its unique architecture pulls tourists from far corners of the world.

 

History

Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of the Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty commissioned the Hawa Mahal in 1799. Lal Chand Ustad was the principal architect of this monument, and Lord Krishna was the tutelary deity of Maharaj Sawai Pratap Singh.

He ordered Lal Chand to build Hawa Mahal in the shape of Lord Krishna's crown. This mahal was an extension of City Palace.

As per the purdah system, Rajput women did not step out of mahal in front of the public. The royal house women used to observe city, fairs, and festivals on the streets without outside exposure.

Around 953 jharokhas or small windows, and screened balconies provided a sense of freedom to women.

 

Architecture

The floral patterns, canopies, fluted pillars, lotus motifs, arches, and beautiful carvings are the Hawa Mahal's architectural attractions. The Hawa Mahal architecture is a fusion of Rajput and Islamic style, and the style reflects the glory and royalty of Rajputs.

Chhatris, ornamental stonework, colorful mosaics of glasses in the rooms portray traditional Rajasthani architecture.

This palace is a five-storied edifice in a beehive structure. The palace's exterior is akin to the honeycomb's structure of a beehive with 953 small windows(Jharokhas). These jharokhas allowed the wind to enter the palace and kept it cool.

The Hawa Mahal is the tallest building in the world without a foundation. Resultantly, the palace is tilted at an angle of 87°C. Small portholes consist of sandstone grills and small windows at an elevation of 50 feet above the ground.

With no stairs inside, you need to climb up the ramps to reach the top. You have to pass through an imperial door on the left of the building to enter the palace.  A large courtyard has three double-storeyed facilities in the left, right, and center.  

The top three floors have one room's width, whereas the first and second floors have courtyards in front of them.

Of five stores, three stores are popular among tourists - Vichitra Mandir, Prakash Mandir, and the Hawa Mandir. Vichitra Mandir was a prayer hall to worship Lord Krishna.

Prakash Mandir has open terraces on both sides. This five-storied mahal has no stairs. Ramps were used to carry palanquins of royal women.

Temples

Sharad Mandir and the Ratan Mandir are other attractive temples. The Autumn celebration was done at Sharad Mandir on the first floor. Glass work in different colors is the highlight of Ratan Mandir on the second floor.

Museum

Museum portrays Rajput rulers' personal belongings, miniature paintings, antiques, and weapons of the glorious past. 

Latticework

The major architectural attraction is latticework, which makes room for cool breezes in the whole mahal.

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FAQs

Jaipur is famous for being the Pink City, as ancient kings here famously built the old city in the color of pink. It is famous for its camel leather products, lacquered jewelry items, historical places to visit like Jantar Mantar, Hawa Mahal and Jal Mahal, ancient forts and for having a parallel life between its glorious old city parts and magnificent new city parts.
Famous places to visit in Jaipur include Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, Amber Fort, City Palace, Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Jantar Mantar, Birla Temple and Albert Hall Museum. Modern buildings like World Trade Park Mall and City Mall are also popular tourist attractions in Jaipur. Shopping areas like Johari Bazaar and Bapu Bazaar are also amongst the top places to visit in Jaipur.
Jaipur Adda, The Rajput Room, Zolocrust, Samode Haveli and The Foressta are some of the finest restaurants for eating and dining in Jaipur. Besides these, Jaipur is famous for its variety of local Rajasthani street foods available throughout the city.
While in Jaipur, you can buy gemstones and jewelry at Johari Bazaar, textiles at Kishanpol Bazaar, lacquer jewelry like bangles at Tripolia Bazaar and camel leather products and perfumes at Bapu Bazaar. You will find a variety of traditional and local items to buy at all of these famous market areas in Jaipur.
The ambience and aesthetic atAmar Jawan Jyoti, the eternal flame that burns day and night to commemorate the undying valor of martyrs, and at places to visit in Jaipur like Jal Mahal, Nahargarh Fort and Amber Fort makes them the top tourist places in Jaipur to visit at night time.
Jal Mahal, Nahargarh Fort, Chokhi Dhani and Rambagh Palace are amongst the most romantic places to visit in Jaipur. Restaurants in Jaipur suited for couple dining are The Foressta and 1135 AD. All of these places make for a peaceful yet exciting time to have with your partner in Jaipur.
You need 2 to 3 full days in order to visit all the major tourist attractions in Jaipur, engage in the shopping opportunities available here and eat the local Rajasthani food like Pyaaz Kachori and Gol Gappa, to have an all-round great trip in Jaipur.