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The Roman Forum was the centre of political and social activities of the Roman citizens. The site was initially made as a burial ground, but with growing time it became a commercial centre of the Roman empire. Signature sights in the Roman forum include the Arco di Settimio Severo, the Curia, the Tempio di Saturno and many more. The Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill are next to each other and you can walk freely between the two, though Both Roman Forum and Palatine Hill have separate entrances. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Roman Forum was forgotten and fell into disrepair until it was used as pasture land.
The Roman Forum is located between a small valley surrounded by the Palatine and Capitoline Hills. The forum was originally a grassy wetland which was not ideal for temples and basilicas. In 600 B.C. after the construction of Cloaca Maxima, development in this place started. The sewage system drained waste into the Tiber and its outfall into the river is still visible today in Ponte Palatino.
Vestal Virgins who sworn to celibacy for 30 years were chosen between the age of 6 to 10. Their duty was to keep the sacred fire in the Temple of Vesta burning. The fire was believed to be the emblem of fortunes of ancient Rome, so punishment was severe if it ever went out. Vestals whoever neglected their duty would be beaten and tortured. Vestal Virgins who broke their vows of celibacy were buried alive.
During the late Republic, violence was at its peak. Violence during any public meeting was extremely common. The Rostra was the platform where leaders and superiors would address the people of Rome, was used to display the heads of defeated political enemies.
As you enter the roman forum from Arco di Tito, you will see the Tempio di Antonino e Faustina ahead to your left. Constructed in 141 A.D., it was transformed into a church in the 8th century. To your right, you will find Basilica Fulvia Aemilia constructed in 179 BC, a public hall with a two-storey porticoed facade.
By the end of the path, you'll come to Via Sacra, the Forum’s main part, and the Tempio di Giulio Cesare (also known as the Tempio del Divo Giulio). Built by Augustus in 29 BC to mark the spot where Julius Caesar was cremated after his assassination in 44 BC.
Many important buildings, statues and monuments were located in the Forum. Some temples were built to honour men, and others were dedicated to gods or goddesses.
Some of the most popular structures in the Roman Forum include:
Senate House: The senate-house, also known as the “Curia,” acted as a council house for the Roman Senate and was an important site for various political events and for taking administrative decisions. It was rebuilt several times, and in the 7th century, it was converted into a church.
Temple of Saturn: This monument was dedicated to Saturn, the god of agriculture. This was also used as a treasury, where Rome’s money was managed and kept. The first-ever Temple of Saturn was built around 498 B.C. and it is considered one of the earliest temples in the Forum. But it was rebuilt years later, and the current one goes back to roughly 42 B.C.
Temple of Antoninus and Faustina: This temple was Built in the second century. The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is considered as the best-maintained temple in the Roman Forum.
Arch of Titus: This is a triumphal arch that dictates Rome's victory over Jerusalem. This arch was constructed in 81 A.D. by Emperor Domitian to honour his brother, emperor Titus, over his first victory.
Temple of Vesta: The Temple of Vesta was a circular shaped temple that was dedicated to Vesta, the goddess of home and family.
Column of Phocas: This column was Constructed in the year 608 A.D. in honour of the emperor of Byzantium. This column is around 13 meters high and is one of the few that have remained standing strong since it is built.
The Rostra: The Rostra was a platform on which people could stand to express their views and give speeches.
Temple of Castor and Pollux: Scholars believe that this temple was completed in about 484 B.C. This temple was dedicated to the Roman twin gods, Castor and Pollux. This temple vent into several construction phases.
Arch of Septimius Severus: An arch constructed in the year 203 A.D. to commemorate the third anniversary of Septimius Severus as the emperor.
The Sacra Via: The sacra Via was the main road that ran through the Roman Forum and connected all the various important sites. This famous street also leads to the Colosseum which was within walking distance of the Forum. This street primarily served as a pathway for ceremonies and important events.
Timings are subject to change. You will be automatically booked into a time slot as part of the check out process. Please visit the official website to confirm the time slot before your visit.