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Colosseum built in Rome Italy is one of the 7 wonders of the world. The colosseum is also very commonly known as Flavian Amphitheatre. The giant amphitheater was built under the rule of Flavian emperors. 188 meters in length, 156 meters in width and 57 meters in height. It is one of the largest amphitheaters that can hold up to 50,000 thousand people at once. It is one of the most magnificent pieces of architecture that leaves you speechless with its beauty. In the Colosseum, your imagination takes you to the time of the Roman Gladiators and the crowds of spectators that lined the inner circle.
The Colosseum was started building between 70 CE- 72 CE during the reign of Vespasian. In 80 CE it was given to emperor Titus son of Vespasian for completion. The emperor Titus began the Colosseum with 100 days of games. Around 9,000 wild animals were killed during the inaugural games of the amphitheater.
It is located in the east of the Palatine Hill. It is built on the grounds of Nero’s Golden House. The reason for the construction of this monument was mostly symbolic than practical. Vespasian decided to replace the emperor’s private lake with a public amphitheater that could entertain thousands of Romans.
The Colosseum underwent several changes. During the 6th century, a small chapel had been made into the structure of the amphitheater, but they never confer any particular religious significance on the building as a whole.
The arena in the monument was converted into a cemetery. Lots of empty spaces in the arcades were converted into housing and workshops, and are recorded as still being rented out as late as the 12th century. Around 1200 the Frangipani family took over the Colosseum as a castle and protect it.
The Colosseum was active for more than 500 years. The last ever recorded games in history were celebrated during the 6th century. Since that time the Colosseum has suffered lootings, raids, rifling, earthquakes, and even bombings during World War Two. This monument Demonstrates a great survival instinct, the Colosseum was used for decades as a storehouse, church, cemetery, and even a castle for nobility.
The exhibitions of rare exotic animals, executions of prisoners, recreations of battles, gladiator fights, and drama kept the Roman people entertained for years.
This place has always been closely connected with the church and Christianity and on Good Friday the early Christians that died in the arena are remembered.
The Colosseum today is a major tourist attraction in Rome with millions of tourists each year enter the monument to view the beautiful interior arena. At present, the Colosseum is Rome's greatest tourist attraction along with Vatican City. In 2007 the Colosseum became one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. Now there is a museum dedicated to Eros located on the upper floor of the building.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Colosseum began to deteriorate. By the 20th century, a combination of weather, multiple natural disasters, neglect and vandalism had demolished and wrecked nearly two-thirds of the original Colosseum. All of the arena’s marble seats and its decorative elements were ruined. Restoration efforts of the monument began in the 1990s, and have been continuing since then, as the Colosseum continues to be a leading attraction for tourists from all over the world.
It is closed on 25 December (Christmas) and 1 January(New Year). It will take you 2-3 hours in total to enjoy the entire monument.
Timings are subject to change. You will be automatically booked into a time slot as part of the check out process. Please visit the official website to confirm the time slot before your visit.
Some of the major tourist attractions in Rome near the colosseum are as follows: