Madrid's Royal Palace is one of the finest palaces in Europe. The Royal Palace is where state ceremonies, official banquets, and other state functions occurred. Zarzuela Palace outside Madrid houses the home of his Majesty, the King of Spain.
It is wrong to call it "Palacio de Oriente" due to its closeness with the "Plaza de Oriente" square on the palace's east side. In the ninth century, Toledo's Muslim kingdom built a defense that Castile's kings used later. The kings of Castile built the former Alcazar castle during the 16th century.
A fire broke out and devastated the old Alcazar on Christmas Eve in 1734. King Felipe V planned to build a palace for his Borbon dynasty on the old Alcazar site. The Italian Filippo Juvara designed the new, grand palace along the lines of France’s Versailles.
Stone and brick were used to vault construction between 1738 and 1755 so that fire could not break out. Carlos III had his residence there in 1764.
Rich materials like Spanish marble, stucco, and mahogany were used for interior decoration.
Leading artists Giaquinto, Tiepolo, Mengs, and his Spanish pupils Bayeu and Maella had mahogany doors and windows, and frescoes.
Over time, different artistic styles led to the changes in the decoration of the Royal Palace of Madrid. On the south side, the "Plaza de Armas" served as the palace's principal entrance apart from a central interior courtyard. The courtyard overlooks the Almudena Cathedral.
The palace comprises 44 staircases, 240 balconies, and 870 windows in an area of 13 hectares.
The Royal Armoury has a significant collection of housing weapons and armors of kings of Spain and other royal family members since the 13th century. Virgin with Child by Luis Morales, Portrait of Isabella the Catholic by Juan de Flandes, Salome with John the Baptist by Caravaggio, and works by such artists as Velázquez, Goya, Federico Madrazo, and Sorolla are the artistic treasures in the Painting Gallery.
Titian portrayed the armory and full tools that Emperor Charles V used in the battle of Mühlberg in the famous equestrian portrait. The Spanish Civil War and the Peninsular War were the reasons for losing the most important pieces of this art in Europe.
Royal Pharmacy is another museum that showcases cabinets for storing medicinal herbs, stills, bottles, containers, and prescriptions dispensed to the Royal Family. The factory at La Granja de San Ildefonso (Segovia) manufactured the bottles.
Oriente Square lies on the west side of the palace. Narciso Pascual y Colomer designed this square in 1844. King Joseph I propagated the square in a rectangular shape and ordered the razing of the medieval houses on the site.
The Central Gardens, the Cabo Noval Gardens, and the Lepanto Gardens are the three quadrants. The central monument to Philip IV has the Central Gardens developed around it as a baroque model garden. It has seven flowerbeds packed with box hedges, magnolia, yew, cypress, and flower plantations. The sculpture collection has statues from fifteen kings of the early Christian kingdoms and five Visigoth kings.
Champo del More is the Palace Gardens. The troops of the Muslim leader Ali ben Yusuf camped in this palace in 1109 to conquer Madrid. Philip IV built fountains and planted different kinds of vegetation.
Isabel II designed a big park of the Romanticist style. After the Isabel II period, the garden suffered abandonment and neglect until the regency of Maria Christina of Austria. This period witnessed a series of rehabilitation works that gave it the current design, like the layout of the English gardens of the 19th century.
Timings are subject to change. You will be automatically booked into a time slot as part of the check out process. Please visit the official website to confirm the time slot before your visit.